The International Plumbing Code®, in this edition, is designed to meet .. free from liability for aCts performed under any of its provi- sions or by reason of. International Plumbing Code. ® International Building Code and International Mechanical. Code. . facilities. Required facilities shall be free of charge. sib,A Member of the International Code FamilyaNTERNAT 0N AL$:E;T;L: International Plumbing Code?First Pr.
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ICC IPC (), the International Plumbing Code, as mandated and .. of plumbing inspection, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability. This book was printed on acid-free paper. McGraw-Hill books are available at .. changes for the International Plumbing Code. When you see solid black. The International Plumbing Code®, in this edition, is . code indicate a technical change from the requirements of the edition. . free of actual or potential sanitary hazards by providing protection against backflow.
The registered dcsign professional or designated inspector shall periodically inspcct and observe the alternative enginecred design to ctcterminc that the installation is in accordance with thc approved construction documents. Records shall be kept of all inspections. Tests shall be made by the permit holder and observed by the codc official.
In any case that does not include addition to, rcplacement. Whcrc any work After the prescribed tests and inspections indicate that the work complies in all I-cspoctswith this codc, a notice of approval shall be issued by the codc official.
It shnll be unlawful for any pcrson, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, rcpair. Any plumbing I-egulatcdby this codc that is unsafe or that constitutes a lire or health hazard, insanitary condition, or is otherwise dangerous to human lifc is hereby declared unsafe. The code official shall serve a notice of violation or order to the person responsible for the erection.
Whencver the code official tictcrmincs that any plumbing, or portion thercof. No pcrson shall use or maintain dcfcctivc plumbing after receiving such noticc.
If thc notice of violation is not complicd with promptly, the code official shall request the legal counscl of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate proceeding at law or in ecluity to restrain. When such plumbing is to be disconnectcd. Ally person who shall violate a provision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, install, alter or repair plumhing work i l l violation of the approvcd construction documents or directive of the code official, or of a pennit or certificate issucd under the provisions ofthis code, shall be guilty of a [SPECIFY OFFENSE].
Such notice shall be in writing and shall be given to the owncr of thc property. The noticc shall state the conditions under which work is authorized to resume. Where an cmcrgency cxists, the code official shall not be required to give a writtcn notice prior to stopping the work. The codc official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building.
If not notified prior to disconnecting, the ourncr or occupant of the building. No pcrson shall make connections from any energy.
Any person shall havc the right to appcal a decision of the codc official to thc board of appeals. The application shall be filed on a form obtained from thc code official within 20 days after the notice was served. Thereaftel; each new mellibcr shall scrvc for 5 years or until a successor has been appointed.
Registered design professional who is a registered architect: or a builder or superintendent of building construction with at least 10 years' experience, 5 years of which shall have bcen in responsible charge of work. Registered dcsign professional with mechanical and plumbing cnginecring experience; or a mechanical and plumbing contractor with at least I0 years' cxpcI-icnce,5 ycars of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
Registered design professional with electrical engineering cxpcrience; or an electrical contractor with at lcast 10 ycars' experience, 5 years of which shall have bcen in responsible chargc of work. Thc chicf administrative officer shall designate n qualified clerk to serve as secretary to the Imard.
The sccrctary shall filc a detailed record of all proceedings in the officc of the chief administrative officer. The hoard 5hnll mcct upon noticc from thc chairman. All hearings before thc board shall bc open to the public. The board shall adopt and makc available to tlie public through the secretary proccdul-cs under which a hearing will be conducted. The board shall modify or reverse the decision of the codc official by aconcurring of thrcc mcmbcrs.
Any person, whether or not a previous party of thc appeal, shall have the right to apply-to the appropriate court for a writ of certiorari to correct crrors of law. Application for review shall be made in the manner and timc required by Inw following the filing of the dccision in thc officc of the chicf administrative officer.
The unobstructed See "Supports. Where terms are not defined dcviceh that elirninatc siphonage. Acceptable to the codc official or other n11t11or- I ity having jurisdiction. A lilting or dcvice supplied with watcr or other fluid under positive pressure that passes through an intcgnll orifice or constriction, causing a vacuum.
Aspirators are also I-efcrrcclto as suction apparatus. Backpressure, low head. A pressure less than o r equal to 4. One-way valve designed to Backsiphonage. The device shall close by gravity and seal the vent terminal at zero differential prcssure no flow contlitions and under positive internal pressures.
The purpose of an air admittance valve is to provide a method of allowing air to entcr the plumbing drainagc system without the usc of a vcnt extended to open air and to prevent sewer gases from escaping into a building. Backwater value. The unobstructed vertical dis- ble watcl- supply from any source cxccpt thc intended source.
The flow of water or other liquids. Any arrangement whereby backflow is possible. A building sewer that conveys stornl water or othcr drainage, hut not sewage. That portion of a drainage system bacl that does not drain by gravity into the building scwer. Sce "Fill valve. A group of fixtures consisting of a watcr closet, lavatory, bathtub or showcr, including or cxcluding a bidet.
Such fixtures arc locatcd together on the same floor level. A fixture utilized for scalding bcdpans o r urinals by direct application of steam or boiling watcr.
A fixture designcd to wash bcdpans and to flush the contents into the sanitary drainage system. A device supplied with hot and cold water and locatcd adjacent to a watcr closet or clinizal sink to be utilized for cleimsing bedpans. Any part of the piping system except a riser, main or stack. A vertical measurement of distance. Measurcments arc taken down the stack from thc highest horizontal branch connection.
A vent connecting one or more individu,iI vents with a vent stack or stack vent. Any structure occupied or intended for supporting or sheltering a i y occupancy. A small covered tank for storing water for a home or farm. An acccss opening in thc drainage system utilized for the removal of obstructions. Typcsof cleanouts include a removable plug or cap.
These regulations. See "Building drain, combined. A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains or to a fixturc branch and scrving as a vent for both fixlures. A building drain that conveys both sewage and stomi watcr or othcr drainage. A building drain that conveys scwagc only Storm. A building drain that conveys storm water or other drainage, but not sewage.
A huilcling scwcr that conveys both sewage and storm water or othcr drainage. A building scwcr that conveys sewage only. A pipe inside the building that conveys stol. All of the written, graphic and pictorial tiocuments prepared or asselllblcd for describing the design, location a i d physical characteristics of thc clcments of the project necessary for obtaining a building permit.
The construction drawings shall be drawn to an appropriate scale. A drainage system that carries rainwater, surface watcr. An elevation height reference point that deterrnines thc minimum height at which a baclcflow prcvcnter or vacuunl breaker is installed above the flood level rim of Lhc fixture or receptor served by the device.
The critical lcvel is the elevation lcvcl below which there is a potential for baclcflow to occm.. If the critical level marking is not indicated on the dcvicc, the bottom of the device shall constitute the critical Icvel.
For faucets and sirnilnr fittings. The dcpth of water that would have to bc removed froin a full trap beforc air could pass through the trap. The elevation of the "clcsign flood," including wave height, relative to the datum specified on the eornmunity's legally designated flood hazard map.
The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of thc pipc and fittings. Any pipe that carries wastewater or water-borne wastes in a building drainagc system. Type of fitting or fittings utilized in thc drainage systenl. DI-ainagcfittings are similar to cast-iron fittings, except that instead of having abell and spigot. A nlcasure of the probable discharge into the drainage system by various types of plumbing fixtures.
The drainage fixture-unit value for a particular fixture dcpcnds on its volun1c rate of drainagc discharge, on the time duration of a single drainage operation and on the avcragc time between successive operations. Piping within a public or private premise that convcys sewage, rainwater or other liquid wastcs to a point of disposal. Building gravity. A draiuagc system that drains by gravity into thc building sewer. Sanitary, A drainagc systcm that carries scwagc and cxcludes stornm, surface and ground water.
A floor drain that docs no[ receive the discharge of any drain or indirect wastc pipc. A valve end of a watcr pipc through which water is drawn from or held within the pipe. A water supply valve. An antisiphon fill valve contains an antisiphon dcvice in the form of an approved air gap or vacuum breaker that is an integral part of the fill valve unit and that is positioned on tlic discharge side of thc water supply control valve.
A dlberving two or mole fixtures that discharges to another drain or to a. It shall be unlawful to make any change in the occupancy of any structure that will subject the structure to any special provision of this code without approval of the code official.
The code official shall certify that such structure meets the intent of the provisions of law governing building construction for the proposed new occupancy and that such change of occupancy does not result in any hazard to the public health, safety or welfare. The provisions of this code relating to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings when such buildings or structures are judged by the code offi- cial to be safe and in the public interest of health, safety and welfare regarding any proposed construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restoration, relocation or moving of build- ings.
Except as determined by Section The codes and stan- dards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 13 and such codes and standards shall be considered as part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference.
Where the differences occur between pro- visions of this code and the referenced standards, the provi- sions of this code shall be the minimum requirements.
Any requirements necessary for the strength, stability or proper operation of an existing or proposed plumbing system, or for the public safety, health and general welfare, not specifically covered by this code shall be determined by the code official. The department of plumbing inspection is hereby created and the executive official in charge thereof shall be known as the code official. The code official shall be appointed by the chief appointing authority of the jurisdiction, and the code official shall not be removed from office except for cause and after full opportunity to be heard on specific and relevant charges by and before the appointing authority.
In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the code official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy code official, other related technical officers, inspectors and other employees.
The code official, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdic- tion, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of any act required or permitted in the discharge of official duties. Any suit instituted against any officer or employee because of an act performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be defended by the legal representative of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings.
The code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in any action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code, and any officer of the department of plumbing inspection, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability for acts performed under any of its provi- sions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith.
The code official shall enforce all of the provi- sions of this code and shall act on any question relative to the installation, alteration, repair, maintenance or operation of all plumbing systems, devices and equipment except as otherwise specifically provided for by statutory requirements or as pro- vided for in Sections The code official shall have authority as necessary in the interest of public health, safety and general welfare to adopt and promulgate rules and regula- tions to interpret and implement the provisions of this code to secure the intent thereof and to designate requirements applica- ble because of local climatic or other conditions.
Such rules shall not have the effect of waiving structural or fire perfor- mance requirements specifically provided for in this code, or of violating accepted engineering practice involving public safety.
The code official shall receive applications and issue permits for the installation and alteration of plumbing, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued, and enforce compliance with the pro- visions of this code. The code official shall make all the required inspections, or shall accept reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals.
All reports of such inspec- tions shall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The code official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report on unusual technical issues that arise, subject to the approval of the appointing authority.
Whenever it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or whenever the code official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in any building or upon any premises any conditions or violations of this code that make the building or premises unsafe, insanitary, dangerous or hazardous, the code official shall have the authority to enter the building or premises at all reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed upon the code official by this code.
If such building or premises is occupied, the code official shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If such building or premises is unoccupied, the code official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or con- trol of the building or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the code official shall have recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry.
When the code official shall have first obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy provided by law to secure entry, no owner or occupant or person having charge, care or control of any building or premises shall fail or neglect, after proper request is made as herein provided, to promptly permit entry therein by the code official for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant to this code. The code official shall carry proper iden- tification when inspecting structures or premises in the perfor- mance of duties under this code.
The code official shall issue all nec- essary notices or orders to ensure compliance with this code. The code official shall keep offi- cial records of applications received, permits and certificates issued, fees collected, reports of inspections, and notices and orders issued. Such records shall be retained in the official records as long as the building or structure to which such records relate remains in existence unless otherwise provided for by other regulations.
Whenever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this code, the code official shall have the authority to grant modifications for indi- vidual cases, provided the code official shall first find that spe- cial individual reason makes the strict letter of this code impractical and the modification is in conformity with the intent and purpose of this code and that such modification does not lessen health, life and fire safety requirements.
The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the installa- tion of any material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifically prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative has been approved.
An alternative material or method of construction shall be approved where the code offi- cial finds that the proposed design is satisfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the mate- rial, method or work offered is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
Whenever there is insufficient evi- dence of compliance with the provisions of this code, or evi- dence that a material or method does not conform to the requirements of this code, or in order to substantiate claims for alternate materials or methods, the code official shall have the authority to require tests as evidence of compliance to be made at no expense to the jurisdiction.
Test methods shall be as specified in this code or by other recognized test standards. In the absence of recognized and accepted test methods, the code official shall approve the testing procedures.
All tests shall be performed by an approved agency.
Reports of tests shall be retained by the code official for the period required for retention of pub- lic records. The design, documen- tation, inspection, testing and approval of an alternative engi- neered design plumbing system shall comply with Sections An alternative engineered design shall conform to the intent of the provisions of this code and shall provide an equivalent level of quality, strength, effec- tiveness, fire resistance, durability and safety.
Material, equipment or components shall be designed and installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instruc- tions. The registered design professional shall indicate on the permit application that the plumbing system is an alternative engineered design. The permit and perma- nent permit records shall indicate that an alternative engi- neered design was part of the approved installation.
The registered design professional shall submit sufficient technical data to substantiate the pro- posed alternative engineered design and to prove that the performance meets the intent of this code. The registered design professional shall submit to the code official two complete sets of signed and sealed construction documents for the alternative engineered design.
The construction documents shall include floor plans and a riser diagram of the work. Where appropriate, the construction documents shall indi- cate the direction of flow, all pipe sizes, grade of horizontal piping, loading, and location of fixtures and appliances. Where the code official deter- mines that the alternative engineered design conforms to the intent of this code, the plumbing system shall be approved. If the alternative engineered design is not approved, the code official shall notify the registered design professional in writing, stating the reasons thereof.
The alternative engineered design shall be tested and inspected in accordance with the requirements of Sections and Materials, equipment and devices shall not be reused unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested, placed in good and proper working con- dition and approved.
Any owner, authorized agent or con- tractor who desires to construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, demolish or change the occupancy of a building or structure, or to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert or replace any plumbing system, the installation of which is regu- lated by this code, or to cause any such work to be done, shall first make application to the code official and obtain the required permit for the work.
The following work shall be exempt from the requirement for a permit: The stopping of leaks in drains, water, soil, waste or vent pipe provided, however, that if any concealed trap, drainpipe, water, soil, waste or vent pipe becomes defec- tive and it becomes necessary to remove and replace the same with new material, such work shall be considered as new work and a permit shall be obtained and inspec- tion made as provided in this code.
The clearing of stoppages or the repairing of leaks in pipes, valves or fixtures, and the removal and reinstalla- tion of water closets, provided such repairs do not involve or require the replacement or rearrangement of valves, pipes or fixtures.
Exemption from the permit requirements of this codeshall not be deemed to grant authorization for any work to be done in violation of the provisions of this code or any other laws or ordinances of this jurisdiction.
Each application for a permit, with the required fee, shall be filed with the code official on a form furnished for that purpose and shall contain a general description of the proposed work and its location.
The applica- tion shall be signed by the owner or an authorized agent. The permit application shall indicate the proposed occupancy of all parts of the building and of that portion of the site or lot, if any, not covered by the building or structure and shall contain such other information required by the code official. The code official shall require construc- tion documents, computations and specifications to be prepared and designed by a registered design professional when required by state law.
Construction documents shall be drawn to scale and shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and show in detail that the work conforms to the provisions of this code.
Construction documents for buildings more than two stories in height shall indicate where penetrations will be made for pipe, fittings and components and shall indicate the materials and methods for maintaining required struc- tural safety, fire-resistance rating and fireblocking.
The code official shall have the authority to waive the submission of construction documents, calcu- lations or other data if the nature of the work applied for is such that reviewing of construction documents is not necessary to determine compliance with this code. Application for a permit shall be made by the person or agent to install all or part of any plumbing system. The applicant shall meet all qualifications established by statute, or by rules promulgated by this code, or by ordinance or by resolution.
The full name and address of the applicant shall be stated in the application. The application, construction docu- ments and other data filed by an applicant for permit shall be reviewed by the code official. If the code official finds that the proposed work conforms to the requirements of this code and all laws and ordinances applicable thereto, and that the fees specified in Section When the code official issues the permit where construction docu- ments are required, the construction documents shall be endorsed in writing and stamped "APPROVED.
All work shall be done in accordance with the approved construction documents. The code official shall have the authority to issue a permit for the construction of a part of a plumbing system before the entire construction documents for the whole system have been submitted or approved, provided adequate infor- mation and detailed statements have been filed complying with all pertinent requirements of this code.
The holders of such permit shall proceed at their own risk without assur- ance that the permit for the entire plumbing system will be granted. The issuance of a permit or approval of construction documents shall not be construed to be a per- mit for, or an approval of, any violation of any of the provi- sions of this code or any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. No permit presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code shall be valid.
The issuance of a permit based upon construction docu- ments and other data shall not prevent the code official from thereafter requiring the correction of errors in said construc- tion documents and other data or from preventing building operations being carried on thereunder when in violation of this code or of other ordinances of this jurisdiction.
Every permit issued by the code offi- cial under the provisions of this code shall expire by limita- tion and become null and void if the work authorized by such permit is not commenced within days from the date of such permit, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended or abandoned at any time after the work is commenced for a period of 1 80 days.
Before such work can be recommenced, a new permit shall be first obtained and the fee therefor shall be one-half the amount required for a new permit for such work, provided no changes have been made or will be made in the original construction docu- ments for such work, and provided further that such suspen- sion or abandonment has not exceeded 1 year.
Any permittee holding an unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the time within which the permittee will commence work under that permit when work is unable to be commenced within the time required by this section for good and satisfactory reasons. The code official shall extend the time for action by the permittee for a period not exceeding 1 80 days if there is reasonable cause.
No permit shall be extended more than once. The fee for an extension shall be one-half the amount required for a new permit for such work. The code official shall revoke a permit or approval issued under the provisions of this code in case of any false statement or mis- representation of fact in the application or on the construc- tion documents upon which the permit or approval was based.
One set of construction documents shall be retained by the code offi- cial until final approval of the work covered therein. One set of approved construction documents shall be returned to the applicant, and said set shall be kept on the site of the build- ing or work at all times during which the work authorized thereby is in progress. A permit shall not be issued until the fees pre- scribed in Section Any person who commences any work on a plumbing system before obtaining the necessary permits shall be subject to percent of the usual permit fee in addition to the required permit fees.
The fees for all plumbing work shall be as indicated in the following schedule: The code official shall authorize the refunding of fees as follows: The full amount of any fee paid hereunder that was erroneously paid or collected.
Not more than [SPECIFY percentage] percent of the plan review fee paid when an application for a permit for which a plan review fee has been paid is with- drawn or canceled before any plan review effort has been expended. The code official shall not authorize the refunding of any fee paid except upon written application filed by the original permittee not later than days after the date of fee payment.
The code official, upon notification from the permit holder or the permit holder's agent, shall make the following inspections and such other inspections as necessary, and shall either release that portion of the construction or shall notify the permit holder or an agent of any violations that must be corrected.
The holder of the permit shall be responsible for the scheduling of such inspections.
2006 International Plumbing Code -
Underground inspection shall be made after trenches or ditches are excavated and bedded, piping installed, and before any backfill is put in place. Rough-in inspection shall be made after the roof, fram- ing, fireblocking, firestopping, draftstopping and brac- ing is in place and all sanitary, storm and water distribution piping is roughed-in, and prior to the instal- lation of wall or ceiling membranes. Final inspection shall be made after the building is com- plete, all plumbing fixtures are in place and properly con- nected, and the structure is ready for occuancy.
Test reports submitted to the code official for consideration shall be developed by approved agencies that have satisfied the requirements as to qualifications and reliability. Prior to the approval of a closed, prefabricated plumbing system and the issuance of a plumbing permit, the code offi- cial shall require the submittal of an evaluation report on each prefabricated plumbing system indicating the com- plete details of the plumbing system, including a description of the system and its components, the basis upon which the plumbing system is being evaluated, test results and similar information, and other data as necessary for the code official to determine conformance to this code.
The code official shall designate the evaluation service of an approved agency as the evaluation agency, and review such agency's eval- uation report for adequacy and conformance to this code.
Except where ready access is provided to all plumbing systems, service equipment and accessories for complete inspection at the site without disassembly or dismantling, the code official shall conduct the frequency of in-plant inspections nec- essary to ensure conformance to the approved evaluation report or shall designate an independent, approved inspection agency to conduct, such inspections.
The inspection agency shall furnish the code official with the follow-up inspection manual and a report of inspections upon request, and the plumbing system shall have an identifying label permanently affixed to the system indi- cating that factory inspections have been performed.
All required test and inspection records shall be available to the code offi- cial at all times during the fabrication of the plumbing system and the erection of the building, or such records as the code official designates shall be filed.
Special inspections of alternative engineered design plumbing systems shall be conducted in accordance with Sections The registered design profes- sional or designated inspector shall periodically inspect and observe the alternative engineered design to determine that the installation is in accordance with the approved construc- tion documents.
All discrepancies shall be brought to the immediate attention of the plumbing contractor for correc- tion. Records shall be kept of all inspections. The registered design professional shall submit a final report in writing to the code official upon completion of the installation, certifying that the alternative engineered design conforms to the approved construction documents. A notice of approval for the plumbing system shall not be issued until a written certification has been sub- mitted.
Plumbing work and systems shall be tested as required in Section and in accordance with Sections Tests shall be made by the permit holder and observed by the code official. New plumbing systems and parts of existing systems that have been altered, extended or repaired shall be tested as pre- scribed herein to disclose leaks and defects, except that test- ing is not required in the following cases: In any case that does not include addition to, replace- ment, alteration or relocation of any water supply, drainage or vent piping.
In any case where plumbing equipment is set up tem- porarily for exhibition purposes. All equipment, material and labor required for testing a plumb- ing system or part thereof shall be furnished by the permit holder. Where any work or installation does not pass any initial test or inspection, the necessary corrections shall be made to comply with this code.
The work or installation shall then be resubmitted to the code official for inspection and testing. After the prescribed tests and inspections indicate that the work complies in all respects with this code, a notice of approval shall be issued by the code official.
The code official shall have the authority to authorize the temporary connection of the building or system to the utility source for the purpose of testing plumb- ing systems or for use under a temporary certificate of occu- pancy. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to erect, construct, alter, repair, remove, demol- ish or utilize any plumbing system, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions of this code.
The code official shall serve a notice of violation or order to the person responsible for the erection, installation, alteration, extension, repair, removal or demoli- tion of plumbing work in violation of the provisions of this code, or in violation of a detail statement or the approved con- struction documents thereunder, or in violation of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code.
Such order shall direct the discontinuance of the illegal action or condition and the abatement of the violation. If the notice of violation is not complied with promptly, the code official shall request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the appropriate proceed- ing at law or in equity to restrain, correct or abate such viola- tion, or to require the removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of the structure in violation of the provisions of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant thereto.
Any person who shall violate a pro- vision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, install, alter or repair plumbing work in violation of the approved construction docu- ments or directive of the code official, or of a permit or certifi- cate issued under the provisions of this code, shall be guilty of a [SPECIFY offense], punishable by a fine of not more than [AMOUNT] dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding [NUMBER OF DAYS], or both such fine and imprisonment.
Each day that a violation continues after due notice has been served shall be deemed a separate offense.
International Code Council ICC International Code Council
Upon notice from the code official, work on any plumbing system that is being done contrary to the provisions of this code or in a dangerous or unsafe manner shall immediately cease. Such notice shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's agent, or to the person doing the work.
The notice shall state the conditions under which work is authorized to resume. Where an emer- gency exists, the code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior to stopping the work. Any person who shall continue any work in or about the structure after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condi- tion.
The imposition of the penalties herein prescribed shall not preclude the legal officer of the jurisdiction from instituting appropriate action to prevent unlawful construction or to restrain, correct or abate a viola- tion, or to prevent illegal occupancy of a building, structure or premises, or to stop an illegal act, conduct, business or utiliza- tion of the plumbing on or about any premises. Any plumbing regulated by this code that is unsafe or that constitutes a fire or health hazard, insani- tary condition, or is otherwise dangerous to human life is hereby declared unsafe.
Any use of plumbing regulated by this code constituting a hazard to safety, health or public welfare by reason of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, obsolescence, fire hazard, disaster, damage or abandonment is hereby declared an unsafe use. Any such unsafe equipment is hereby declared to be a public nuisance and shall be abated by repair, rehabilitation, demolition or removal. Whenever the code official determines that any plumbing, or portion thereof, regulated by this code has become hazardous to life, health or property or has become insanitary, the code offi- cial shall order in writing that such plumbing either be removed or restored to a safe or sanitary condition.
A time limit for compliance with such order shall be specified in the written notice. No person shall use or maintain defective plumbing after receiving such notice.
When such plumbing is to be disconnected, written notice as prescribed in Section In cases of immediate danger to life or property, such disconnection shall be made immediately without such notice. The code official shall have the authority to authorize disconnection of utility service to the building, structure or system regu- lated by the technical codes in case of an emergency, where necessary, to eliminate an immediate danger to life or prop- erty.
Where possible, the owner and occupant of the build- ing, structure or service system shall be notified of the decision to disconnect utility service prior to taking such action. If not notified prior to disconnecting, the owner or occupant of the building, structure or service systems shall be notified in writing, as soon as practical thereafter.
No person shall make connections from any energy, fuel, power supply or water distribution system or supply energy, fuel or water to any equipment regulated by this code that has been dis- connected or ordered to be disconnected by the code official or the use of which has been ordered to be discontinued by the code official until the code official authorizes the reconnection and use of such equipment.
When any plumbing is maintained in violation of this code, and in violation of any notice issued pursuant to the provisions of this section, the code official shall institute any appropriate action to prevent, restrain, correct or abate the violation.
Any person shall have the right to appeal a decision of the code official to the board of appeals. The application shall be filed on a form obtained from the code official within 20 days after the notice was served.
The board of appeals shall con- sist of five members appointed by the chief appointing author- ity as follows: Thereafter, each new mem- ber shall serve for 5 years or until a successor has been appointed. The board of appeals shall consist of five individuals, one from each of the following profes- sions or disciplines: Registered design professional who is a registered architect; or a builder or superintendent of building construction with at least 10 years' experience, 5 years of which shall have been in responsible charge of work.
Registered design professional with structural engi- neering or architectural experience. Registered design professional with mechanical and plumbing engineering experience; or a mechanical and plumbing contractor with at least 10 years' expe- rience, 5yearsofwhich shall have been in responsible charge of work.
Registered design professional with electrical engi- neering experience; or an electrical contractor with at least 10 years' experience, 5 years of which shall have been in responsible charge of work. Registered design professional with fire protection engineering experience; or a fire protection contrac- tor with at least 10 years' experience, 5 years of which shall have been in responsible charge of work. The chief appointing author- ity shall appoint. Alternate members shall pos- sess the qualifications required for board membership, and shall be appointed for 5 years or until a successor has been appointed.
The board shall annually select one of its members to serve as chairman. A member shall not hear an appeal in which that member has any personal, pro- fessional or financial interest. The chief administrative officer shall designate a qualified clerk to serve as secretary to the board. The secretary shall file a detailed record of all proceedings in the office of the chief administrative officer. Compensation of members shall be determined by law.
The board shall meet upon notice from the chairman, within 10 days of the filing of an appeal or at stated periodic meetings. All hearings before the board shall be open to the public.
The appellant, the appellant's representa- tive, the code official and any person whose interests are affected shall be given an opportunity to be heard. The board shall adopt and make avail- able to the public through the secretary procedures under which a hearing will be conducted.
The procedures shall not require compliance with strict rules of evidence, but shall mandate that only relevant information be received. When five members are not present to hear an appeal, either the appellant or the appellant's repre- sentative shall have the right to request a postponement of the hearing.
The board shall modify or reverse the decision of the code official by a concurring vote of three mem- bers. The decision of the board shall be by resolution. Certified copies shall be furnished to the appel- lant and to the code official. The code official shall take imme- diate action in accordance with the decision of the board. Any person, whether or not a previous party of the appeal, shall have the right to apply to the appropri- ate court for a Writ of certiorari to correct errors of law.
Appli- cation for review shall be made in the manner and time required by law following the filing of the decision in the office of the chief administrative officer. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this chapter.
Words stated in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural the singular. Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies.
That which conforms to accepted principles, tests or standards of nation- ally recognized technical or scientific authorities. That which enables a fixture, appliance or equipment to be reached by ready access or by a means that first requires the removal or movement of a panel, door or similar obstruction see "Ready access".
A removable plate, usually secured by bolts or screws, to permit access to a pipe or pipe fitting for the purposes of inspection, repair or cleaning. An approved connecting device that suitably and properly joins or adjusts pipes and fittings which do not otherwise fit together. One-way valve designed to allow air to enter the plumbing drainage system when negative pressures develop in the piping system.
The device shall close by gravity and seal the vent terminal at zero differential pres- sure no flow conditions and under positive internal pressures. The purpose of an air admittance valve is to provide a method of allowing air to enter the plumbing drainage system without the use of a vent extended to open air and to prevent sewer gases from escaping into a building.
A piping arrangement in which a drain from a fixture, appliance or device discharges indirectly into another fixture, receptacle or interceptor at a point below the flood level rim and above the trap seal.
The unobstructed vertical dis- tance through the free atmosphere between the outlet of the waste pipe and the flood level rim of the receptacle into which the waste pipe is discharging.
The unobstructed vertical distance through the free atmosphere between the low- est opening from any pipe or faucet supplying water to a tank, plumbing fixture or other device and the flood level rim of the receptacle. A plumbing system that performs in accordance with the intent of Chapters 3 through 12 and provides an equivalent level of performance for the protection of public health, safety and welfare. The sys- tem design is not specifically regulated by Chapters 3 through See "Supports.
A term applied to valves or mechanical devices that eliminate siphonage. Acceptable to the code official or other author- ity having jurisdiction. An established and recognized agency approved by the code official and that is regularly engaged in conducting tests or furnishing inspection services.
A receptacle designed to collect surface or storm water from an open area. A fitting or device supplied with water or other fluid under positive pressure that passes through an integral orifice or constriction, causing a vacuum. Aspirators are also referred to as suction apparatus, and are similar in operation to an ejector. Pressure created by any means in the water dis- tribution system, which by being in excess of the pressure in the water supply mains causes a potential backflow condition.
Backpressure, low head.
A pressure less than or equal to 4. The backflow of potentially contaminated water into the potable water system as a result of the pres- sure in the potable water system falling below atmospheric pressure of the plumbing fixtures, pools, tanks or vats con- nected to the potable water distribution piping.
Backwater valve. A device or valve installed in the build- ing drain or sewer pipe where a sewer is subject to backflow, and which prevents drainage or waste from backing up into a low level or fixtures and causing a flooding condition. A reversal of flow in the drainage system. Water supply system. The flow of water or other liquids, mixtures or substances into the distribution pipes of a pota- ble water supply from any source except the intended source.
Any arrangement whereby backflow is possible.
A device or means to prevent backflow. See "Fill valve. A reference point, determined in accordance with the building code, based on the depth or peak elevation of flooding, including wave height, which has a 1 percent year flood or greater chance of occurring in any given year.
A group of fixtures consisting of a water closet, lavatory, bathtub or shower, including or exclud- ing a bidet, an emergency floor drain or both.
Such fixtures are located together on the same floor level. A fixture utilized for scalding bedpans or urinals by direct application of steam or boiling water. A fixture designed to wash bedpans and to flush the contents into the san- itary drainage system. Included are fixtures of this type that provide for disinfecting utensils by scalding with steam or hot water.
A device supplied with hot and cold water and located adjacent to a water closet or clinical sink to be utilized for cleansing bedpans. Any part of the piping system except a riser, main or stack. A vertical measurement of distance, 8 feet mm or more in developed length, between the connections of horizontal branches to a drainage stack. Mea- surements are taken down the stack from the highest horizontal branch connection.
A vent connecting one or more individual vents with a vent stack or stack vent. Any structure occupied or intended for support- ing or sheltering any occupancy. That part of the lowest piping of a drain- age system that receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside and that extends 30 inches mm in developed length of pipe beyond the exterior walls of the building and conveys the drainage to the building sewer.
A building drain that conveys both sewage and storm water or other drainage. A building drain that conveys sewage only. A building drain that conveys storm water or other drainage, but not sewage.
That part of the drainage system that extends from the end of the building drain and conveys the dis- charge to a public sewer, private sewer, individual sewage dis- posal system or other point of disposal. A building sewer that conveys both sewage and storm water or other drainage. A building sewer that conveys sewage only. A building sewer that conveys storm water or other drainage, but not sewage.
That portion of a drainage system that does not drain by gravity into the building sewer. A device, fitting or assembly of fittings installed in the building drain to prevent circulation of air between the drainage system of the building and the building sewer.
A vent that connects to a horizontal drain- age branch and vents two traps to a maximum of eight traps or trapped fixtures connected into a battery. A small covered tank for storing water for a home or farm.
Generally, this tank stores rainwater to be utilized for purposes other than in the potable water supply, and such tank is placed underground in most cases. An access opening in the drainage system uti- lized for the removal of obstructions. Types of cleanouts include a removable plug or cap, and a removable fixture or fix- ture trap.
These regulations, subsequent amendments thereto, or any emergency rule or regulation that the administrative authority having jurisdiction has lawfully adopted. The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this code, or a duly authorized representative.
A fixture combining one sink and laundry tray or a two- or three-compartment sink or laun- dry tray in one unit. A spe dally designed system of waste piping embodying the horizon- tal wet venting of one or more sinks or floor drains by means of a common waste and vent pipe adequately sized to provide free movement of air above the flow line of the drain.
See "Building drain, combined. See "Building sewer, combined. A vent connecting at the junction of two fixture drains or to a fixture branch and serving as a vent for both fixtures. Any surface of a plumbing fixture which is not readily visible and is not scoured or cleansed with each fixture operation.
A pipe inside the building that conveys storm water from the roof to a storm or combined building drain. All of the written, graphic and pictorial documents prepared or assembled for describing the design, location and physical characteristics of the elements of the project necessary for obtaining a building permit.
The construction drawings shall be drawn to an appro- priate scale. An elevation height reference point that determines the minimum height at which a backflow preventer or vacuum breaker is installed above the flood level rim of the fixture or receptor served by the device. The critical level is the elevation level below which there is a potential for backflow to occur. If the critical level marking is not indicated on the device, the bottom of the device shall constitute the criti- cal level.
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Any physical connection or arrangement between two otherwise separate piping systems, one of which contains potable water and the other either water of unknown or questionable safety or steam, gas or chemical, whereby there exists the possibility for flow from one system to the other, with the direction of flow depending on the pressure differential between the two systems see "Backflow".
A branch leading from a soil, waste or vent pipe; a building drain; or a building sewer, and terminating at a devel- oped length of 2 feet mm or more by means of a plug, cap or other closed fitting. The depth of water that would have to be removed from a full trap before air could pass through the trap.
The elevation of the "design flood," including wave height, relative to the datum specified on the community's legally designated flood hazard map. The length of a pipeline measured along the centerline of the pipe and fittings. A pipe that conveys the discharges from plumbing fixtures or appliances. Any pipe that carries wastewater or water-borne wastes in a building drainage system.
Type of fitting or fittings utilized in the drainage system. Drainage fittings are similar to cast-iron fittings, except that instead of having a bell and spigot, drainage fittings are recessed and tapped to eliminate ridges on the inside of the installed pipe. A measure of the probable discharge into the drainage system by various types of plumbing fixtures.
The drainage fixture-unit value for a particular fixture depends on its volume rate of drainage discharge, on the time duration of a single drainage operation and on the aver- age time between successive operations. Piping within a public or private premise that conveys sewage, rainwater or other liquid wastes to a point of disposal. A drainage system does not include the mains of a public sewer system or a private or public sewage treatment or disposal plant.
Building gravity. A drainage system that drains by gravity into the building sewer. A drainage system that carries sewage and excludes storm, surface and ground water. A drainage system that carries rainwater, surface water, subsurface water and similar liquid wastes. The minimum cross-sectional area at the point of water supply discharge, measured or expressed in terms of the diameter of a circle or, if the opening is not circu- lar, the diameter of a circle of equivalent cross-sectional area.
For faucets and similar fittings, the effective opening shall be measured at the smallest orifice in the fitting body or in the sup- ply piping to the fitting. A floor drain that does not receive the discharge of any drain or indirect waste pipe, and that protects against damage from accidental spills, fixture overflows and leakage.
Fluids having a Gosselin rating of 1, including propylene glycol; mineral oil; polydimethylsiloxane; hydrochlorofluoro-carbon, chlorofluorocarbon and carbon refrigerants; and FDA-approved boiler water additives for steam boilers.
Soil, waste or gray water and fluids having a Gosselin rating of 2 or more including ethylene glycol, hydrocarbon oils, ammonia refrig- erants and hydrazine. Any plumbing system regu- lated by this code that was legally installed prior to the effective date of this code, or for which a permit to install has been issued.
A valve end of a water pipe through which water is drawn from or held within the pipe. A water supply valve, opened or closed by means of a float or similar device, utilized to supply water to a tank. An antisiphon fill valve contains an antisiphon device in the form of an approved air gap or vacuum breaker that is an integral part of the fill valve unit and that is positioned on the discharge side of the water supply control valve. See "Plumbing fixture.
A drain serving two or more fixtures that discharges to another drain or to a stack. The drain from the trap of a fixture to a junction with any other drain pipe. Waste fitting. A combination of components that conveys the sanitary waste from the outlet of a fixture to the connec- tion to the sanitary drainage system. The water supply pipe connecting a fix- ture to a branch water supply pipe or directly to a main water supply pipe. The edge of the receptacle from which water overflows.
The greater of the following two areas: The area within a flood plain subject to a 1 -percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year. The area designated as a flood hazard area on a commu- nity's flood hazard map or as otherwise legally desig- nated. A device installed upstream from the interceptor having an orifice that controls the rate of flow through the interceptor and an air intake vent down- stream from the orifice that allows air to be drawn into the flow stream.
The pressure in the water supply pipe near the faucet or water outlet while the faucet or water outlet is wide open and flowing.
A tank designed with a fill valve and flush valve to flush the contents of the bowl or usable portion of the fixture. A device integrated within an air accumulator vessel that is designed to discharge a predeter- mined quantity of water to fixtures for flushing purposes.
A valve attached to a pressurized water supply pipe and so designed that when activated it opens the line for direct flow into the fixture at a rate and quantity to operate the fixture properly, and then gradually closes to reseal fixture traps and avoid water hammer. A plumbing appurtenance that is installed in a sanitary drainage system to intercept oily and greasy wastes from a wastewater discharge.
Such device has the ability to intercept free-floating fats and oils. Effluent discharge that is pro- duced from food processing, food preparation or other sources where grease, fats and oils enter automatic dishwater prerinse stations, sinks or other appurtenances. A plumbing appurtenance that is installed in the sanitary drainage system to intercept free-floating fats, oils and grease from wastewater discharge. Such a device operates on a time- or event-controlled basis and has the ability to remove free-float- ing fats, oils and grease automatically without intervention from the user except for maintenance.
A water distribution system where every water distribution pipe is inter- connected so as to provide two or more paths to each fixture supply pipe.
A drainage branch pipe extending laterally from a soil or waste stack or building drain, with or without vertical sections or branches, that receives the discharge from two or more fixture drains or branches and con- ducts the discharge to the soil or waste stack or to the building drain.
Any pipe or fitting that makes an angle of less than 45 degrees 0. See "Building trap. A waste pipe that does not con- nect directly with the drainage system, but that discharges into the drainage system through an air break or air gap into a trap, fixture, receptor or interceptor.
A system for disposal of domestic sewage by means of a septic tank,cess- pool or mechanical treatment, designed for utilization apart from a public sewer to serve a single establishment or building.
A pipe installed to vent a fixture trap and connects with the vent system above the fixture served or terminates in the open air. A water supply that serves one or more families, and that is not an approved public water supply. A device designed and installed to separate and retain for removal, by automatic or manual means, delete- rious, hazardous or undesirable matter from normal wastes, while permitting normal sewage or wastes to discharge into the drainage system by gravity.
A loop, return bend or return offset that pro- vides for the expansion and contraction in a piping system and is utilized in tall buildings or where there is a rapid change of temperature, as in power plants, steam rooms and similar occupancies. Any joint between two pipes that permits one pipe to be deflected or moved without movement or deflection of the other pipe.
See "Mechanical joint. A type of joint made by means of a washer or a special type of packing compound in which one pipe is slipped into the end of an adjacent pipe. Containing not more than 8. Containing not more than 0. An exterior drainage pipe for conveying storm water from roof or gutter drains to an approved means of dis- posal.
A vertical pipe to which connections are made from the fixture side of traps and through which vapor or foul air is removed from the fixture or device utilized on bed- pan washers. An assembly consist- ing of a water closet and sump with a macerating pump that is designed to collect, grind and pump wastes from the water closet and up to two other fixtures connected to the sump.
The principal pipe artery to which branches are con- nected. See "Plumbing appurtenance. A connection between pipes, fit- tings, or pipes and fittings that is not screwed, caulked, threaded, soldered, solvent cemented, brazed or welded.
A joint in which compression is applied along the centerline of the pieces being joined. In some applications, the joint is part of a coupling, fitting or adapter.
The complete system to convey medical gases for direct patient application from central supply systems bulk tanks, manifolds and medical air compressors , with pressure and operating controls, alarm warning systems, related components and piping networks extending to station outlet valves at patient use points.
A system consisting of central-vacuum-producing equipment with pressure and oper- ating controls, shutoff valves, alarm-warning systems, gauges and a network of piping extending to and terminating with suit- able station inlets at locations where patient suction may be required.
Water not safe for drinking, per- sonal or culinary utilization. Public nuisance as known in common law or in equity jurisprudence; whatever is dangerous to human life or detrimental to health; whatever structure or premises is not suf- ficiently ventilated, sewered, drained, cleaned or lighted, with respect to its intended occupancy; and whatever renders the air, or human food, drink or water supply unwholesome. The purpose for which a building or portion thereof is utilized or occupied.
A combination of approved bends that makes two changes in direction bringing one section of the pipe out of line but into a line parallel with the other section. Outside the structure. The practice, materials and fixtures utilized in the installation, maintenance, extension and alteration of all piping, fixtures, plumbing appliances and plumbing appurte- nances, within or adjacent to any structure, in connection with sanitary drainage or storm drainage facilities; venting systems; and public or private water supply systems.
Any one of a special class of plumbing fixtures intended to perform a special function. Included are fixtures having the operation or control dependent on one or more energized components, such as motors, con- trols, heating elements, or pressure- or temperature-sensing elements. Such fixtures are manually adjusted or controlled by the owner or operator, or are operated automatically through one or more of the following actions: A manufactured device, prefabricated assembly or an on-the-job assembly of compo- nent parts that is an adjunct to the basic piping system and plumbing fixtures.
An appurtenance demands no additional water supply and does not add any discharge load to a fixture or to the drainage system. A receptacle or device that is either permanently or temporarily connected to the water distribution system of the premises and demands a supply of water there- from; discharges wastewater, liquid-borne waste materials or sewage either directly or indirectly to the drainage system of the premises; or requires both a water supply connection and a discharge to the drainage system of the premises.
Includes the water supply and distri- bution pipes; plumbing fixtures and traps; water-treating or water-using equipment; soil, waste and vent pipes; and sanitary and storm sewers and building drains; in addition to their respective connections, devices and appurtenances within a structure or premises.
An impairment of the quality of the potable water to a degree that does not create a hazard to the public health but that does adversely and unreasonably affect the aes- thetic qualities of such potable water for domestic use.
Water free from impurities present in amounts sufficient to cause disease or harmful physiological effects and conforming to the bacteriological and chemical quality requirements of the Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards or the regulations of the public health author- ity having jurisdiction. In the classification of plumbing fixtures, "private" applies to fixtures in residences and apartments, and to fixtures in nonpublic toilet rooms of hotels and motels and similar installations in buildings where the plumbing fixtures are intended for utilization by a family or an individual.
In the classification of plumbing fixtures, "public" applies to fixtures in general toi- let rooms of schools, gymnasiums, hotels, airports, bus and railroad stations, public buildings, bars, public comfort sta- tions, office buildings, stadiums, stores, restaurants and other installations where a number of fixtures are installed so that their utilization is similarly unrestricted.
A water supply pipe for public uti- lization controlled by public authority. A valve or faucet that closes automatically when released manually or that is controlled by a mechanical means for fast-action closing. That which enables a fixture, appliance or equipment to be directly reached without requiring the removal or movement of any panel, door or similar obstruction and without the use of a portable ladder, step stool or similar device.
A backflow prevention device consisting of two independently acting check valves, internally force-loaded to a normally closed position and separated by an intermediate chamber or zone in which there is an automatic relief means of venting to the atmosphere, internally loaded to a normally open position between two tightly closing shutoff valves and with a means for testing for tightness of the checks and opening of the relief means.All casings shall cxtend at least 6 inches , nun al3ove the wcll plalform.
Any structure, basin, chamber or tank containing an artificial body of water for swimming, diving or recreational bathing having a depth of 2 feet mm or more at any point.
A discharge opening through which water is supplied to a fixture, into the atmosphere except into an open tank that is part of the water supply system , to a boiler or heating system, or to any devices or equipment requiring water to operate but which are not part of the plumbing system. Backpressure, low head. A water supply valve. A well constructed by making a hole in the ground with a drilling machine of any type and installing casing and screen.
Loose earth free from rocks.